According to Troels Lund Poulsen, Russia's military production capabilities have seen significant growth. He cautioned that there is a possibility, within the next three to five years, of Russia

testing Article 5 and NATO's solidarity. Poulsen noted that this assessment differs from NATO's previous evaluation in 2023, indicating emerging concerns.

His remarks align with recent warnings from other European NATO members. Germany's Defence Minister Boris Pistorius had earlier suggested that the alliance should brace for a potential Russian attack on a NATO country within the next five to eight years.

Poulsen also raised concerns about the potential for hybrid attacks by Russia aimed at destabilizing NATO member states. He emphasized that Russia may possess both the intent and capability for military actions sooner than anticipated, underscoring genuine apprehension within the alliance.

Polish Defence Minister Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz echoed similar sentiments, stressing the need for urgent preparations against potential conflict with Russia. Kosiniak-Kamysz expressed readiness to consider all scenarios seriously, particularly in light of Russia's ongoing aggression in Ukraine.

Russia's invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 marked the beginning of the largest armed conflict in Europe since World War II. As the conflict enters its 719th day, concerns about Russia's intentions and the security of NATO member states remain high. Photo by EU2016 SK, Wikimedia commons.